December 13, 2017

Investment Advice? It’s As Old As The Hills

Investment Advice From The Experts

Investment Advice From The Experts

It probably began right after the Garden of Eden deal fell through. Swapping success stories has been part of the human condition since there were two entrepreneurs to swap tales. And some very good advice has survived for generations.

Forbes Magazine winnowed down the list to share with readers. Their pool of gurus includes five billionaires, a miser, a Nobel laureate, a founding father and assorted and sundry people whose names rise to the top whenever success is the topic.

Examples include:

Warren Buffet, whose $65 billion empire was built on buying businesses that he was certain were worth more than the sellers envisioned: “Whether socks or stocks, I like buying quality merchandise when it is marked down.”

Sir John Templeton, founder of Templeton Funds, who made a killing by defying the conventional wisdom about the stock market, buying when others were selling: “If you buy the same securities everyone else is buying, you will have the same results as everyone else. . . Buy at the point of maximum pessimism, sell at the point of maximum optimism.”

Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1776-1836, founder of N. M. Rothschild & Sons. “Information is money.” Thanks to his extensive network of carrier pigeons, and the careful placing of his sons in strategic European cities, Rothschild knew that England had defeated France in the Battle of Waterloo before anyone else in London. As other traders on the stock exchange braced for a British loss, he capitalized on his early information to build a fortune.

Peter Lynch, manager, Fidelity Magellan Fund. “Buy what you know.” He applied his knowledge of wise money management to generate an annual return of 29 percent. His secret to profitable investing: Don’t buy Twitter or Amazon, but do buy those suggested by A.All .com and Validea.com, NetApp, Barrett Business Services, Honda, Publis and Alliance Fiber Optic.

Alexander Hamilton, first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, who earned the nickname Little Lion. His bestseller: the $10 bill. During the country’s formative years, he tirelessly advocated for responsible federal finances. His lesson: Don’t buy securities in developing countries with dodgy rulers. “A nation which can prefer disgrace to danger is prepared for a master and deserves one.”

David Tepper, founder Appaloosa Management. During the panic of early 2009, he bet heavily on Bank of America, Citigroup and AIG. Quit Goldman Sachs in 1992 to build his own hedge fund. Reputation for clearheaded moves in environments of fear and misinformation. His quote: “I am the animal at the head of the pack. I either get eaten or I get the good grass.” He advises paying careful heed to central bankers and fiscal policymakers.

Hetty Green, 1834-1916: Description, miser; nicknamed “The Witch of Wall Street.” She inherited $5 million at age 30 and had multiplied it into $100 million by the time she died in 1916 by ferreting out investments that would earn her 6 percent annually, doubling her fortune every 12 years. The richest woman in the United States, she saved pennies by refusing to use hot water, wash her clothes or provide her son with decent medical care. “All you have to do is buy cheap and sell dear, act with thrift and shrewdness and be persistent.”

How to Build a CD Ladder – And Why You Should

A simple fact that is hard to learn is that the time to save money is when you have some. - Joe Moore

A simple fact that is hard to learn is that the time to save money is when you have some.
– Joe Moore

With the stock market hovering in record territory, certificates of deposit (CDs) aren’t getting a whole lot of respect these days. After last year’s amazing 32% return in stocks, convincing people to put money into CDs that often pay less than 1% is a tough sell. But if the stock market should start reversing course, CDs could be one of the best investments in town, and a CD ladder will be one of the best ways to hold them.

What is a CD ladder?

At its most basic level, a CD ladder is a portfolio of certificates of deposit that you arrange much the same way you would any other type of investment portfolio. The idea is to create a portfolio of CDs that includes both different interest rates and different maturity dates.

In a real way, this is something like building your own money market fund. And while putting your money into a money market fund would certainly be simpler than creating a CD ladder, the returns on those accounts are close to zero right now. CD rates are low by historic standards as well, but by building a CD ladder you’ll have an opportunity to earn a better return on your money, certainly better than money market funds.

You can always put all of your money into a single CD that pays the highest rate. You might decide for example, to put all of your money in a five year CD as a way of maximizing your return on investment. But what happens if sometime during the five-year period interest rates rise, and rise substantially? Your money will be tied up in your five year CD while better rates can be had in other CDs. Sure, you can usually terminate the CD early, but that will result in early withdrawal penalties that will reduce the rate of return on future investments.

You can avoid that fate with a CD ladder. Let’s say that you have $30,000 that you plan to invest in fixed income assets, like CDs. Rather than putting all of the money into a single CD, you can invest smaller amounts in various CDs, either at different intervals or with CDs of different maturities. We’ll discuss both methods in a minute.

Why would you want to build a CD ladder?

Before we get into CD ladder strategies, let’s spend a little bit of time considering why you should put some of your money into CDs in the first place. There are several reasons:

  • When equity investments, like stocks, begin to fall – and they will sooner or later – there’s nothing like the safety of cash-type assets, especially those that pay interest. Though you may not make a fortune with CDs, you won’t lose any money either. That’s a winning investment in a bear market.
  • You should always have at least some of your money sitting in fixed rate investments, even if you are an aggressive investor.
  • CDs will preserve your capital during a market downturn, so that you will have cash to buy stocks when the market turns up again. CDs are the perfect place to park your money.
  • In the current market environment, CDs pay higher interest rates than money market funds. Many money market funds are currently paying less than 1/10 of 1% in interest.
  • Non-bank money market funds are not insured by the FDIC the way CDs are.

Now that you know why you should invest in CDs, let’s talk about some CD ladder strategies…

Building a CD ladder – it’s not complicated

Building a CD ladder will probably be one of the less complicated investment ventures you will ever enter. It’s certainly easier than either the stock market, where you have to worry about unstable asset prices, or real estate, where you incur a large number of transaction fees.

CDs are completely stable assets with guaranteed returns, and there are no fees to set them up directly with a bank. And you can do this either online or, if you’re not tech savvy, you can do it through a local bank where bank personnel will handle all the paperwork for you. They’ll even create and maintain a CD renewal schedule based on your preferences.

Building the actual CD ladder will simply be a matter of deciding upon the right mix of CD maturities, or the sequence of CDs purchased.

Laddering for interest rate return

Generally speaking, the longer the term of the CD, the higher the interest rate it will pay. If you are laddering for maximum interest return, you may want to create a portfolio of CDs with various maturities – which is where the term “ladder” comes into the picture.

Your ladder may consist CDs maturing in six months, one year, 18 months, two years, 30 months, five years, and so on. In this way, the staggering of maturities will provide you with the maximum rate of return on the portfolio. The certificates with longer maturities will give your ladder a higher rate of return than if you were invested entirely short-term CDs.

The staggering of maturities will also give you the option to participate in higher-paying CDs in the event that interest rates rise. So for example, while you’ll be locked into longer terms with certificates maturing in 18 months to five years, those of shorter duration can be rolled over into higher-paying certificates as they mature.

Laddering for maximum liquidity

Maximum interest rates are not the only reason why people invest in CDs, and certainly not CD ladders. For many investors, liquidity is more important than return on investment, particularly in a low interest rate environment. If this describes you, then you can also ladder your CDs for maximum liquidity.

You can do this by investing your money in short-term certificates, and do it in such a way that while you are investing in one CD, another one is coming due. With this type of ladder, you’ll always have cash available for any purpose needed.

Let’s say that you have $30,000 that you want to invest in certificates of deposit. Instead of putting the entire amount into a 180 day CD, or even a 90 day CD, you can break up the portfolio into 12 equal parts of $2,500, and invest in a new CD each month. Each chunk can be invested in a 12 month CD, and you do so at regular monthly intervals.

Over the course of one year, you will have built a CD ladder 12 CDs of $2,500 each, with one maturing and one renewing each month of the year. When a CD matures, you will have the option to either roll it over into another CD, or take the cash for an unrelated purpose.

This can be a perfect strategy if you are an active investor with an ongoing need for cash. And at the same time, it’s a way to add safety and predictability to an otherwise high risk portfolio.

If the stock market is starting to give you a nose bleeds, look in to CDs – and CD ladders in particular. They’re a great place to be when the stock market starts tossing and turning.